Knowing the Signs, Symptoms & Causes of Hypertension & High Blood Pressure
Most everyone has heard about hypertension or high blood pressure. If you do not have it
chances are you know someone who does, as it is quite common; in fact, one out of every three
American adults has or will be diagnosed with high blood pressure in the last year. The
scary part about that, more than half of those who have been diagnosed do not have their blood
pressure under control. Scarier still, those who ignore their high blood pressure have a greater
risk for developing heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, liver disease or other major medical
And if you have not heard it before you are going to hear it again, lifestyle changes and
taking your medication(s) as your doctor prescribed can lower your blood pressure down to a
manageable number, which will hopefully remain that way. Although whether or not your blood
pressure remains at an optimum level is still up to you, not just your doctor.
If you have no idea what your ideal blood pressure should be, remember the numbers 120 over
80, as that is the optimum level. Any variation of that number, such as 130 through 139 over 85
through 89 is still considered normal but with those numbers your doctor will probably tell you
that you are on the border, often referred to as "pre-hypertensive." And if your doctor does tell
you that you are “pre-hypertensive,” that should be like a huge stop sign that rises up before you
so you can stop and think. This is the time to take stock of your life and your daily routine and
habits because at this point you are at risk and dealing with high blood pressure was probably not
part of your future plan.
The best preventive care that you can do for yourself is to learn about high blood pressure and
the factors that put you at risk. Many are common sense, but still you need to be reminded so you
can learn to keep your daily routine in check.
Anyone can develop hypertension. For those who live life minding all the risky overindulgences
that can put you over the edge and into the high blood pressure zone—it is probably hereditary.
It is a sad fact because you do everything your doctor tells you but the only way you can control
your hypertension is to take medication. High blood pressure is just something that you will have
to live with for the rest of your life, but for others who cannot blame inheritance, there are ways
to control the numbers.
Once you have learned that your blood pressure is out of control it is time to begin monitoring
your activities of daily living and your blood pressure numbers.
Keeping High Blood Pressure in Check by Being Prepared
We already discussed hereditary factors—if one of your close relatives such as a parent,
sibling(s), grandparent(s), aunt(s) and/or uncle(s) has or has had high blood pressure, your
risk for developing it is increased. If you are not sure, ask a family member who in the family,
if ever, had been stricken by heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, diabetes or any other major
medical complication. Chances are they too had high blood pressure, which means your chance
of acquiring it goes up, as medical histories are known to repeat.
After having a checkup at the doctor and he or she tells you that your blood pressure reading has
put you in the pre-hypertension range because your blood pressure numbers are slightly above
normal, heed that warning. Your doctor just told you something that you should consider very
serious. If not treated properly it can easily turn into a case of full-blown hypertension, which is
something you most assuredly want to avoid.
As women age blood vessels become less functional, less flexible, this raises their risk for their
developing high blood pressure. Statistics state that beginning at age 65, women are at higher
risk than men. Younger men, however, under age 45, high blood pressure affects significantly
more than them than women in that same age group.
Ethnicity or race is another hypertensive consideration, as it chemically is more predisposed to
one more so than another. African-American men and women are highly susceptible to heart
complications earlier in life due to hypertension than both Caucasian or Mexican men and
When your doctor tells you that you have high blood pressure do not sit around and fret or
wallow in fear. This is the time to rise up and do something positive for yourself. You are in
control. If you know you need to take a walk, then now is the time to walk. Your sedentary
lifestyle is no doubt partly to blame for your diagnosis, and it is very simple to make that change,
if you want to survive. Exercise does not have to be strenuous, just a way to be a little more
active, even doing simple chores around the house, plus regular exercise helps to control blood
Unfortunately this has been a growing problem, especially since so many people have more time
on their hands after losing jobs during the recent trend of massive layoffs across the board in all
sectors in America, alcoholism has been running rampant. People are bored so they sit around in
bars and drink, which not only contributes to a sedentary lifestyle but is inviting liver disease, as
well as hypertension.
If any of the above signs are recognizable to you or someone you know or love talk to that
person. If it is you take stock of your life. Talk to your family practitioner, as he or she can
best help you with starting a new lifestyle regimen by offering suggestions. Your primary care
physician knows your strengths and your weaknesses and your limitations, if any.In any case, a hypertension diagnosis should always be treated with respect. Heed your doctor’s
advice and make some changes, because, assuredly, you will more than likely have to.
What are the Causes of hypertension?
It is difficult to pinpoint the precise causes of hypertension; however, there are
numerous factors, which are linked with this state.
The primary factors include:
•Obesity or being overweight
•An inactive lifestyle
•Lack of sufficient physical action
•Inadequate calcium, magnesium and potassium intake
•Elevated levels of salt ingestion, which is also called sodium sensitivity
•Insufficient Vitamin D ingestion
•Consuming excess alcohol
•Genetics along with a family record of hypertension
•Birth control pills as well as certain medication can also lead to
•Adrenal plus thyroid troubles or else tumors
•Persistent kidney ailments
Signs of Hypertension:
In most of the patients, the primary and sole sign of hypertension is in the
form of High Blood pressure. Furthermore, assessment of the Retina might
disclose diverse abnormalities, which are termed as Keith- Wagener Retinal
changes. The changes which are visible are separated into four categories
based on arteriovenous nipping, tortuosity of retinal arteries, papilloedema
and haemorrhages. If you witness the incidence of papilloedema or else
heamorrages, it is indicative of Malignant Hypertension, and this condition
necessitates instantaneous treatment.
Symptoms of Hypertension:
Numerous people who have primary hypertension do not exhibit any noticeable
symptoms, besides the probable symptoms of hypertension show a
discrepancy from one person to the next. Certain universal symptoms of
•Chronic headaches are one of the most common symptoms of
•Indistinct or else dual vision
•Giddiness or else Vertigo
•Shortness of breath. This is one of the concluding symptoms of
hypertension and when this condition occurs, the blood pressure level
has reached disturbing heights.
•A red face
•There is a pressing need to urinate frequently and this is more so, at night.
•Tinnitus which is essentially a sensation wherein one experiences a
ringing or else buzzing sound in the ears.
These are the essential causes, signs and symptoms of hypertension. If you
are experiencing any one or all the mentioned symptoms, it is better to get the
blood pressure levels checked by a physician at the earliest.